How do I charge my lithium ion car battery?
With the rapid development of the new energy industry, electric cars have become very common in our life. We may be familiar with charging rechargeable lithium batteries in mobile phones, computers and other electronic products, but when facing the electric cars, how to charge the lithium car ion battery becomes a problem.
Understanding this information can not only facilitate us to use our electric cars, but also ensure the safety of charging to a certain extent.
How to calculate charging speed and time of the lithium ion car battery?
Calculate the charging speed of the lithium ion car battery
“Charging speed” refers to how many kilowatt-hours can lithium ion car battery be charged per hour, which is calculated as follows:
Charging speed = charging voltage x charging current
Among them, according to some basic knowledge of lithium ion battery, the charging voltage is generally 220V, charging current is divided into 16A (AC charging), 150-400A (DC charging). The higher the charging current, the faster the charging speed. Such as:
① Charge with 16A current, charging speed = 220×16= 3.5kwh. 3.5kWh is means that 3.5 kilowatt-hour can lithium car ion battery be charged per hour.
② Charge with 200A current, charging speed = 220×200=44kWh. 44kWh is means that 44 kilowatt-hour can lithium car ion battery be charged per hour.
After understand the charging speed of the lithium ion car battery, you can use your charging time better, not only can avoid excessive occupation of public resources, but also can avoid the accident caused by too long charging time.
Calculate the charging time of the lithium ion car battery
It is calculated as follows:
Charging time = Battery capacity /(Charging voltage x charging current)
Among them, the 220V lithium battery is generally used, so the larger the battery capacity of the car, the longer the charging time will be; The higher the charging current, the shorter the charging time will be. Such as:
(1) For Tesla Model3 with 52kWh battery capacity, if it is charged with 16A current, charging time =52000/(220×16)=14.8 hours; If the Tesla wall-mounted charger is used to charge with 100A current, the charging time =52000/(220×100)=2.36 hours.
(2) For Nio ES6 with 70kWh battery capacity, if it is charged with 16A current, the charging time =70000/(220×16)=20 hours.
Note: Keeping the capacity of ternary lithium battery between 20%~90% can maximize the battery life, so it is recommended that car owners try not to completely exhaust the lithium ion car battery before charging it, also do not charge too full.
Common problems for charging lithium ion car battery
Are all charging piles universal?
At present, all charging piles and new energy vehicles in China are designed according to unified standards in terms of charging interface, control logic and communication protocol. Therefore, most of the public charging piles on the market can be used universally.
Can I use ungrounded cable to charge my lithium ion car battery?
If you want to charge at home, ground cables are very important for safe use of electricity. When electrical appliances have wire insulation problems, ground cables can prevent the metal shell from being charged and causing an electric shock.
So for the sake of safety, when we connect the household electricity to charge the lithium ion car battery, we should first confirm whether there is a grounding line.
If you do not know whether the home is connected to the ground line, you can find a professional electrician to your home to have a test, do not use the ungrounded line to charge the lithium ion car battery.
Can I charge my car from an outlet in home?
Generally speaking, yes, please refer to the car charging instructions. The 16A socket in the home will be used commonly, such as the larger electrical socket used by refrigerator, air conditioner, electric water heater.
If you do not understand the home socket current, you can judge from the appearance, 10A is generally “five eyes socket”, 1 three eyes and 1 two eyes; 16A is a “three-eye socket”, at the same time wider than 10A socket mouth.
Charging distance is too long, what should I do?
If the distance between the power outlet and the charging interface is far, you can buy a special extension cable for new energy vehicle to solve the problem. At this time, the extension cable should meet two requirements:
(1) The extension wire should be consistent with the original current;
(2) The cable size must be 4 square meters or larger and must be copper.
Some car owners may casually pull dozens of meters of electrical wire from home to charge the lithium ion car battery. The safety coefficient of this charging method is very low, so it is not recommended.
Using this way of charging:
①The plug board equipped with the vehicle will not identify the voltage, current and other values, voltage and current mismatch may cause vehicle spontaneous combustion;
② It is also easy to cause fire in the case of wind and rain and other bad weather.
Could overnight charging cause the wires to heat up and catch fire?
Usually not. Because the original genuine charging components are in line with national standards, and have good contact, so it can ensure the safety of charging. What’s more, when the lithium ion car battery is fully charged, the car automatically cuts off the charging current, which generally doesn’t cause the wires to heat up and catch fire.
However, long-term overcharging can have an impact on battery life. As the owner of electric car, you should familiar with the common sense of charging, so as to further protect the safety of people and your lithium ion car battery!
Will brownouts or power shortages affect my electric car
In fact, electric vehicles account for a very small percentage of society’s electricity consumption. For example, at present, the number of electric vehicles in China is only about 5 million, and even if it increases to 100 million, it will account for less than 5% of the total electricity consumption in society. There is no problem of lack of electricity to charge.
The electricity consumption of electric cars is not large
According to the data, China had 6.03 million electric cars by the end of June 2021. There were 4.93 million pure electric vehicles, accounting for 81.7% of the total number of new energy vehicles. Except for a small number of commercial vehicles, the vast majority of these pure electric vehicles are privately owned vehicles.
If each electric car is equipped with 50 kilowatt-hour (KWH) lithium ion car battery and is cycled 100 times a year, five million electric cars will consume 25 billion KWH of electricity annually.
In 2020, China’s electricity consumption will reach 7.5 trillion KWH, 20.275 billion KWH per day. Electric cars consume only 3.3 thousandths of society’s electricity.
Use valley electricity to charge lithium ion car battery
In 2020, the electricity consumption of the whole society was 7.51 trillion KWH, of which the secondary industry (manufacturing, construction, mining, etc.) consumed 512 million KWH, accounting for 68.19%.
The secondary industry, which consumes the most electricity, uses most electricity during the day. As a result, the whole society uses electricity more during the day and less at night.
In order to ensure the electricity demand of all walks of life during the day, all the generators must generate electricity according to the electricity demand of the peak during the day, and at night, the power generation cannot be greatly reduced because of the low electricity consumption, resulting in peak-valley electricity difference.
According to common sense, the price difference between peak and valley electricity is often large. In China, for example, The price of valley power is a third to a quarter of peak power.
Through price adjustment, encourage less use of peak power and more use of valley power, ease the contradiction between power supply and demand, and improve the grid load rate and equipment utilization rate.
Electric cars are characterized by using cars during the day and charging them at night. Each electric vehicle with a lithium ion car battery is a small mobile energy storage station.
If the vast majority of electric vehicles can use valley electricity to charge at night, it will have the effect of “peak cutting and valley filling” on the power grid, which not only improves the power efficiency, adjusts the power load, but also saves power resources.
For consumers, using valley electricity to charge electric cars also lowers the cost of cars. By some estimates, charging lithium ion car battery with valley electricity costs only a few cents per kilometer.
Some experts estimate that the current peak and valley electricity difference every day can meet the charge of 40 million electric cars. Therefore, there is no need to worry about electric cars running out of charge.